Shanghai ranking: four Chilean universities among the best mil in the world

Shanghai ranking: four Chilean universities among the best mil in the world

For the sixteenth consecutive year, the U. of Chile led the measurement in the country. The squad was followed by the U. Católica, the U. Andrés Bello and the U. de Concepción.

Student quality, academic performance and scientific output are some of the indicators measured by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, better known as the Shanghai Ranking, whose 2018 version was released on Tuesday. In total, four Chilean schools managed to enter the list of the thousand best universities in the world, which is carried out considering factors such as the quality of education (10%), the quality of the academic body (40%), the production of research (40%) and academic performance per capita (10%).

The U. of Chile ranked first in the country for the sixteenth consecutive year. The squad was followed in the ranking by U. Católica, U. Andrés Bello and U. de Concepción. "That the U. of Chile achieves a good result in this measurement is good news for the country and - without a doubt - it is a great merit of our university community," said rector Ennio Vivaldi.

The highest authority of the campus added that the evaluation is an opportunity to evaluate how the Chilean higher education system can progress. "This ranking was led by three public universities in the region that have much more robust state funding. In Chile, for example, 0.43% of the budget is allocated to scientific research, while Sao Paulo, by law, invests almost 5%," he said.

Different rankings

Every year dozens of academic rankings from both international and national universities are released. The results of the Chilean schools vary according to each measurement, but how is each one different?

Education 2020 education policy researcher Ariel Ramos explained that "not all rankings measure the same. There are some who look only at the publications on the internet and the number of citations that an institution may have in a scientific journal and others who build the quality indicator through different dimensions, such as the quality of the faculty, productivity and the quality of research." The researcher explained that "rather than being left alone with the number, it is important to analyze what the ranking considers and then make the analysis of what it means that one university can be above another".

On the one hand, the U. of Chile has led for years the Scimago rankings and the Shanghai Rankings. Both measurements emphasize the quality of research, the influence of the scientific work carried out by a campus and the impact that the university has on society. "The rankings led by the U. of Chile are based on objective factors," Vivaldi said.

On the other hand, the Catholic University has stood out more in rankings such as the Times Higher Education (THE), which focuses on teaching (30%), research (30%), dating (30%), international collaboration (7.5%) and revenue from industry (2.5%) and the QS ranking, which is based on the opinion of academics (40%), the ratio of students to professors (20%), the reputation of employers (10%), bibliographic citations (20%) and the proportion of international teachers (5%) and international students (5%).