Microorganisms agroforestry sector - Institute of biological sciences

Microorganisms agroforestry sector - Institute of biological sciences

2nd workshop "Use of microorganisms as biotechnological tools for agroforestry sector solutions"

Climate change and agricultural pests (insects and diseases) are endangering the welfare of Chile, since most of the economy is based on the exploitation of natural resources. Therefore, our country must be prepared for possible threats of biotic and abiotic, in order to cushion their adverse effects on food security. The increase in temperature and decrease in precipitation predicted by different models environmental in some parts of the country, will cause losses in primary production and the yield of many crops. However, the models have as main limitation the lack of empirical evidence to support their predictions. This is particularly important in cases in which the forecast objectives are the results of key biological interactions in ecosystems (for example, insecto-planta, microorganismo-planta, planta-planta), essential information for designing and implementing integrated environmental mitigation programs. In this context, the functional symbiosis (SF), defined as "the permanent association between two or more organisms", appears as a critical aspect in the ecology and evolution of plants because the symbiosis, guests can purchase new capabilities of environmental tolerance and phenotypic traits that increase productivity. As ubiquitous biological phenomenon, SF is gaining attention in recent years because you can give agencies a successful mechanism not inherited genetically allowing a more rapid adaptation to changing environments (i.e., agro-ecosystems under the) effects of climate change). Through the SF, plants usually benefit to improve the acquisition of resources and/or increase the resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses (for example, droughts and floods) environmental stress factors (e.g., herbivores, pathogens). Therefore, the main objective of this workshop will be to assess the role of microbes as drivers of environmental tolerance for native and introduced plants, as well as the productivity of the crop. This workshop will be an instance to strengthen previous long-standing collaborations with researchers from different countries (Chile, Argentina and Spain), establishing new connections with students, researchers and local stakeholders.


Exhibitors

MSc. Andrea barrier-Institute of biological sciences, University of Talca
Dr. Iñigo Zabalgogeazcoa-IRNASA Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Salamanca, Spain
Dr. Beatriz Rodriguez-IRNASA Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Salamanca, Spain
Dr. Pedro E. Gundel-IFEVA Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Dr. Marco Molina Montenegro -Institute of biological sciences, University of Talca
Dr. Luis Castañeda-Universidad de Chile
Dr. Patricio Ramos-Institute of biological sciences, University of Talca

Source:biologia.utalca.CL