Students of the course "The medication and your evolution", by Professor Olosmira belt, visited our Museum teacher César Leyton

Students of the course "The medication and your evolution", by Professor Olosmira belt, visited our Museum teacher César Leyton

Students in the course "The medication and your evolution", by Professor Olosmira belt, academic in the Department of science and technology pharmaceutical, visited on Monday 17 October our Museum of chemistry and pharmacy "Professor César Leyton" located units of the College of chemical pharmaceuticals.

This visit is part of the program of the course, which includes total 3 gone to this emblematic cultural space, which keeps the most valuable history of our faculty.
According to what you said Olosmira profesora Correa, students belong to the second semester of chemistry and pharmacy that has a total of 160 students, of which 54 were part of this experience.

Edda Costa and Felipe Oyarzún teachers were next to profesora Correa and the students of the course.

Here is a photo gallery of activity!

Review of the Museum of pharmacy, Prof. César Leyton Caravagno

Heritage of the Faculty of chemical and pharmaceutical sciences

Universidad de Chile

Location: Merced Street 50 Santiago (opposite the fountain German of the forest park)

In the building located at 50 Street Merced, the pharmacy that bears the name of its founder Prof. César Leyton Caravagno Museum.

Down the staircase that leads to the basement, where the Museum is located, you can read a wall plate with the following sentence:

"Not be may possess fully a science as the history of its development is not known" (Charles Green Custom).

The visitor can observe large round tables, one of them corresponds to the chemist and bacteriologist Luis Pasteur and other famous five medical foreign and Chilean, properly identified.

At the entrance, hanging from the ceiling, looks old bluff of large dimensions with the name of "Pharmacy English".

The same basement, is divided into 4 rooms separated by arches, which correspond to the different areas that are explained in the wall panel located just in front of the main entrance.

In a panel, is evidence that the Museum is heritage of the Faculty of chemical and pharmaceutical sciences of the University of Chile, being given the local by the College of pharmacists and biochemists (AG) free of charge and bailed.

The Museum was founded by Prof. César Leyton C. in 1951, who collected pieces of interest, traveling the country from North to South, visiting pharmacies in places very far away buying objects that paid with his own expense. It worked for years at the headquarters of the Faculty vicuña Mackenna 20.

"In the historico-decorativo aspect, perhaps the first thing that draws the attention of the visitor, are the recipients of ceramico-farmaceutico art, because since the beginning of the ceramic industry, this was used for the manufacture of these wonderful vessels or" boats", for preserving the most valuable ancient therapeutic drugs. To qualify them as true relics of the golden age of the pharmacy, the Cuban pharmacist Dr. H. Zayas-Bazan, makes differences between "alberolos" (cylinders of wide mouth and short neck), "jugs" (from bulging belly) and "vases" (ovoid).

These different types of vessels are exposed in the Museum and among these three interesting pieces, are 2 "eyes of el Boticario" green and Red indicating the effectiveness of a tonic.

The largest central hall exhibits a group of 13 mortars, metal and ceramic, of different sizes, which are considered to be symbol of the pharmaceutical art. They are vessels as vessels used to crush with your "handle" "pistil" or "hand", drugs, seeds, spices, etc. Currently, used to mix, blend and mix different products.

Following the tour, the visitor can observe several Wall shelves, where ancient medicines of various kinds are exposed. You can see a small "barrel", in which Mr. Leyton steeped Lavender flowers to prepare the colony that gave during the celebration of the sympathetic "Lavandula party" and other leather that exported the saltpeter iodine.

On another side of the central hall are located several teams larger as two autoclaves, a metal percolator and a spray of formalin.

In the next room are art pharmaceutical devices that have a historical character: the "pots", designed to divide the dough made of active ingredients and Excipients, to give you solid pharmaceutical forms and spheroids, called pills and on the other part, different models of "oblearios" used for dispensing by means of hollow wafers, powdered medicines and various equipment for the manufacture of suppositories.

In a small corner of this hall, is a shelf that exposes a few Indian pharmaceutical art objects: the "machi" of mapuche culture, healer of craft, both magician and a kind of priest who knew many medicinal plants, practicing bleeding and even surgery.

In another room devoted to chemistry, are copies of "retort" long neck bent, both glass and ceramic vessels, which are considered as a symbol of chemistry.

In addition, features a collection of different models of "burners gas", invented by the chemist Robert W. Bunsen in 1855. Complete this section, water baths, heaters, furnaces and stoves of different systems and dimensions.

The room dedicated to the scales, displays models of various shapes and sizes. The art of grief, probably had its origin, in the art of counterbalance in the hands, one object with another.

The concept of balance comes from Egypt as the word comes from the latin "bilanx" (same dish). The first had a single dish. Its further development to the "balance of accuracy" and the "torque", was launched in Europe.

In the middle of this room is the mixer and a mixer and pad of ointments, used at the beginning of the development of industrial pharmacy in our country.

Can be seen in this room a large number of devices, appliances and instruments that have been used in three fields in which the chemical Chilean pharmacist pioneered: general analysis, analysis of food and beverages and toxicological analysis.

Separated by an arch respective is located, "The Office" where are two armchairs from the professors Federico Johow and Carlos Ghigliotto and Center the Inn that belonged to Prof. Francisco Servat, on which three small mortars are exposed and a write ancient machine.

The front lies a shelf with a collection of ancient books and three Chilean pharmacopoeias.

In one of its walls is a series of portraits drawn by hand from the first professors of the faculty. Appears, the Diploma of the State "protomedico""issued by the Dean of the Faculty of medicine, Mr. Rafael Gallardo Rojas and a photograph of the Board of the pharmaceutical society of Chile (1924-1925) predecessor of the"Association"and subsequent College Pharmacists of Chile.

A small room, especially shows photographs of the pharmacy abroad. Over the entrance is displayed a painting of an old pharmacy hospital, next to a photo of the Pharmacy Museum in Madrid and the picture of the "Alchemist" whose Spiftweg painter, began studying pharmacy.

You must highlight are three mural panels that are located in the walls of the first room photographed the mural of the Maluje pharmacy of conception, which is about the pharmacy of the aborigines of the period between 1930 - 1050. In the largest of all stands out the figure in white apron of the writer and Professor of pharmacy, don Daniel Belmar.

On this same site is a piece of furniture with 17 trays that are under glass, documents, as in the company of students of pharmacy of the century ancestor, diplomas, biographical sketches of distinguished professors and several photographs.

Down a staircase located to the left of the entrance is the "library" that preserves books, journals and memoirs of title, which relate to the past of chemical and pharmaceutical sciences.

On a shelf properly protected is a valuable literature in French; the "Journal de Pharmacie et Chemie" since its first publication, 1815-1939, the "Bulletin de la società Paris/France Chemique 1871-1919;" the "Bulletin des Sciences Pharmacologiques from 1919-1937. In addition pharmacopoeia of several countries and the collection of the magazine "The Chilean pharmacy" 1927-1954.


"Modest extent, compared to foreign museums such as the Madrid Faculty of pharmacy, and one installed in the basement of the ruins of the castle of Heidelberg, has described as a"little gem", both for its content and by the way how is installed.

This is due to the initiative of the Prof. Dr. Hermann Schmidt-Hebbel who made possible his transfer from vicuña Mackenna 20, to the place where today is located, open to all those interested in visiting it in 1997.

Distinguished by the national museums DIBAM (Directorate of libraries, archives and museums) Sub.

Document originally prepared by Prof. Dr. Schmidt-Hebbel and updated by Prof. Irma Pennacchiotti, (2010).